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India aims to introduce 50,000 electric buses nationwide by 2027

In a significant stride towards sustainable and eco-friendly transportation, India has set an ambitious target to introduce 50,000 electric buses nationwide by 2027. This green initiative, outlined in the National Electric Bus Program (NEBP) launched in 2022, garnered international support during a side event at COP28 held at the Indian Pavilion. Officials from both the US and India unveiled plans for a collaborative finance mechanism, a $390 million fund designed to expedite the realization of this groundbreaking goal.

The Joint Finance Mechanism: Bridging the Gap

The $390 million fund aims to provide crucial financial support for manufacturers seeking to expand electric bus production. By offering loans, the fund mitigates risks for those in need of investment, fostering the growth of the electric vehicle (EV) sector in India. This joint endeavor is made possible through a collaboration between the US and Indian governments, with $150 million contributed by the US government and philanthropic groups, complemented by $240 million from the Indian government.

Accelerating India's Electric Bus Agenda

Despite the commendable vision outlined in the NEBP, the progress toward electrification faced challenges, with only 1.25% of the 359,432 registered buses in India being electric as of May 2023. The joint finance mechanism is poised to be a catalyst, addressing barriers and accelerating the deployment of electric buses across the country.

Incentives and Schemes: India's Commitment to Electric Mobility

India's commitment to fostering electric mobility is evident through strategic investments and incentives. The Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid and) Electric Vehicles in India (FAME India) Scheme, launched in 2015, is currently in its second phase, utilizing INR 10,000 crore ($1.2 billion) to stimulate demand for EVs. As part of this phase, the Department of Heavy Industries (DHI) has sanctioned 2,636 charging stations in 62 cities, bolstering the charging infrastructure essential for widespread EV adoption.

US Special Envoy's Endorsement

Speaking at the Indian Pavilion, US Special Envoy on Climate Change, John Kerry, emphasized the significance of India's electrification efforts. He stated, "Electrification in India is one of the biggest opportunities that we have. The faster that India can do this, the more it cuts greenhouse gas emissions and pollution, and it increases India’s security." Kerry's endorsement reflects the global recognition of India's pivotal role in addressing climate change through sustainable transportation solutions.

Navigating Challenges for a Greener Future

India, despite facing the challenges of rapid economic growth and surging energy consumption, remains steadfast in its commitment to a greener future. The country has set ambitious targets, including achieving net-zero emissions by 2070 and sourcing 50% of its electricity from renewable sources by 2030. Despite its impressive accomplishments, such as surpassing COP21 commitments ahead of schedule, India acknowledges the need for sustained efforts to navigate the complex landscape of energy transition.


The unveiling of the $390 million fund at COP28 marks a significant chapter in India's journey towards electrified and sustainable public transportation. The collaboration between the US and India underscores the global importance of transitioning to cleaner energy solutions. As electric buses become a prominent feature of India's landscape, the nation takes a bold step towards realizing its environmental commitments, setting an example for sustainable mobility on the world stage.